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Features of processing and transmitting information in computing devices  

 Losev V.V.
 Chaplygin Yu.A.
 Krupkina T.Yu.
 Putrya M.G.
Date of publication

 Currently, the energy potential of increasing the speed of information transmission in noise in communication technology established [1-14]. Shannon [2,6,7] sets the limit data transfer rate, depending on the communication channel bandwidth and signal / noise ratio of capacities and proves the possibility of unlimited approaching this limit through the use of special signals coding systems.
In computing these issues cannot be considered solved. In particular, there is no single approach to the analysis of the unit cells using a variety of physical mechanisms of signal (including quantum), insufficiently investigated the possibility of improving the speed and power performance through the use of non-binary coding system and use of the principle of thermodynamic reversibility [1-5].
In this article, with common positions considered especially processing and transmission of information in computing devices. The basic concept adopted in the analysis of the physical properties of the elementary cells, is the introduction of the concept of a generalized spring as the main element of their. This concept allows you to classify all the known elements of the production and storage of information, and to determine their maximum energy potential. Because of the reactive nature of the load of communication channels (uncoordinated channels), these characteristics are determined by the ratio of signal power to the noise power (not power ratio as in communication technology).
1. In large data production device communication links between the logic elements and memory elements are reactive load. The signal should be characterized by an energy rather than power.
2. The data storage elements and the basic logic gates must contain a working fluid, which has the property of generalized spring whose state is described by the equation where F - the generalized force (signal), X - a generalized spring deformation. The characteristic feature is a generalized spring.
3. The classification of data storage elements for a way to preserve the information, referring to the characteristic function and the need for a power source.
4. A block diagram of basic logic gates describing the work of all the known species. Possible types of generalized characteristics of the spring in basic logic gates.
 speed, power consumption, logic gate, an information storage cell, basic logic gate, adiabatic logic.
Library reference
 Losev V.V., Chaplygin Yu.A., Krupkina T.Yu., Putrya M.G. Features of processing and transmitting information in computing devices // Problems of Perspective Micro- and Nanoelectronic Systems Development - 2016. Proceedings / edited by A. Stempkovsky, Moscow, IPPM RAS, 2016. Part 2. P. 204-211.
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